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卡诺阿斯

  卡诺阿斯,巴西南部城市。在南里奥格兰德州东部锡诺斯河附近,南距阿雷格里港16公里。人口21.4万(1980)。始建于1839年。南部重要工业中心,并发展成为阿雷格里港的住宅区,两市有铁路相通。有金属加工、肉罐头、炼油、玻璃、化学和制药等工业。

Canoas, which won city status in 1939, is the fourth largest city in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Its population is over 300,000 people. The city is adjacent to the capital of the gaúcho state: Porto Alegre. Canoas is the center of some important industries and the Canoas Air Force Base, used by the Brazilian Air Force.

According to the IBGE, Brazil's Geography and Statistics Institute, Canoas currently has no rural areas, but it started as a village of large landowners. The first of them was conquistador Francisco Pinto Bandeira, who received from the Portuguese Crown, in 1740, an area north of the Gravataí River.

History has that 1871 was the beginning of the village of Canoas, when the first section of the railway that would link Porto Alegre to So Leopoldo was inaugurated. Canoas was then part of the municipalities of Gravataí and So Sebastio do Caí. Soon large farms would lose space to small properties.

After obtaining city status, Canoas experienced rapid growth, especially after 1945. Today, many call it a "cidade-dormitório" (Portuguese for "bedroom city"), because thousands of people commute to neighboring Porto Alegre to work, as happens with all cities in the greater Porto Alegre metropolitan area.


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