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一般疑问句

疑问句是按照句子的语气分出来的一个类,它与陈述句感叹句、祈使句的最大区别就是它的疑问语气。疑问句是问一些事情的,一般疑问句是疑问句的一种。它是指用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。其结构是:系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分。

  一般疑问句是疑问句的一种。它是只用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。其结构是:

  系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分

  通常回答为:

  肯定:Yes,主语+提问的系动词be/助动词/情态动词.

  否定:No,主语+提问的系动词be/助动词/情态动词的否定形式.

英语教练专家明确指出,在不同情况下,疑问句根据句子意思分为一般疑问句和特殊疑问句

这里着重分析的是一般疑问句的用法,及在实际运用中遇到的一些状况。

A:一般疑问句:以be动词, have /has/do等助动词、can/may等情态动词开头,以yes或no来回答的问句。 它的基本结构是:Be/Have /Has/Did等助动词(包括情态动词)+主语+谓语(包括表语)+┄?回答常用简略回答。

1、谓语动词是be动词、助动词、情态动词时,只要直接把这些词置于句首,句末改成问号。

2、谓语动词是行为动词时,必须在句首加上助动词Do、Does(三单)、Did(过去式)加上这些助动词后,句子中谓语动词必须用原形。

注意:在把肯定句改成否定句或一般疑问句的时候,要注意句中是否有already、some、something、somebody等词,如果有也必须进行改变,already要改成yet,some、something、somebody等分别改成any、anything、anybody等。另外,在改成否定句的时候注意把too改成either,both改成neither,all改成none等.在改成一般疑问句的时候,常常把第一人称I、we改成第二人称you。

  如:

  Are you from Japan

  Yes, I am. / No, I'm not.

  Is her sister doing her homework now

  Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

  Does he work in a bank

  Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

  Do you live near your school

  Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

  Can you speak French

  Yes, I can. / No, I can't.

  May I go home now

  Yes, you may. / No, you mustn't.

  1.将陈述句变为一般疑问句时,如句中有be 动词(am/ is/ are)时,可直接将它们提至主语前。如主语为第一人称,应将其改为第二人称。如:

  I'm in Class 2Grade 1. →

  Are you in Class 2Grade 1

  We're watching TV. →

  Are you watching TV

  2.陈述句中有情态动词(can、may、must …)时,也可直接将它们提至主语前,即可成为一般疑问句。如:

  He can swim now. →

  Can he swim now

  The children may come with us. → May the children come with us

  3.陈述句中只有一个实义动词作谓语且其时态为一般现在时,变为一般疑问句时要在句首加do或does 主语后的实义动词用原形。如:

  I like these animals. →

  Do you like these animals

  She wants to go to the movies. → Does she want to go to the movies

  4.一般疑问句一般读升调(↑)

  5.一般疑问句有时不用yes或 no 回答。如:

  Are they in town now

  I think so.

  May I sit here

  Certainly.

  Does he like soccer

  Sorry I don't know.

  6. 一般疑问句的第一单词总是虚词,读的时候要读轻声。

谓语动词+其他成分如:

  who is singing in the room

  whose bike is broken

  2.如疑问词作其他成分,即对其他成分提问,其语序是:疑问词+一般疑问句语序? 如:

  what class are you in

  What does she look like

  Where are you from

  What time does he get up every morning

  How do you know

特殊疑问句时,不能用yes / no,即问什么答什么,尤其是简略回答。括号内是完整回答所需部分。如:

  Who is from Canada

  Helen (is from Canada).

  Where's the restaurant

  (It is)Near the station.

  Why do you like koalas

  (I like koalas)Because they are cute.

  2.特殊疑问句一般读降调(↓)。


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