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送气

语言学术语。主要指清塞音除阻阶段,从声门送出的气流。送气的国际音标为[]。从空气动力学角度讲,送气主要是由下声门压强与口腔内部压强不平衡导致的。送气出现在清塞音爆破(burst)以后。送气[]与声门清擦音一样,都是一个类似于清元音的音素。

「送气」一词及其符号有时也可用於限定浊塞音的发音类型,如[d]。然而「送气浊音」通常也称作呼吸音或咕哝音。因其发音的机理与送气清音不同,为消除歧义,有些语言学家倾向於使用上标 [] 来表记呼吸音。

sòng qì

[动词]◎ 送气 sòngqì

(1) [aspirated] 发辅音时有比较显著的气流出来叫送气,没有显著的气流出来叫不送气。普通话语音中的 p,t,k,q,c,ch 是送气的; b,d,g,j,z,zh 是不送气

(2) 的

aspiration

In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of air that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents. To feel or see the difference between aspirated and unaspirated sounds, one can put a hand or a lit candle in front of one's mouth, and say pin ([pn]) and then bin ([bn]). One should either feel a puff of air or see a flicker of the candle flame with pin that one does not get with bin. In most dialects of English, the initial consonant is aspirated in pin and unaspirated in bin.

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