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中国21世纪议程管理中心

中国21世纪议程管理中心于1994年3月25日经中央机构编制委员会办公室批准成立,是国家科学技术部直属的国家全额拨款的事业单位。

承担中国21世纪议程项目管理的有关工作;承担国家高技术研究发展计划资源环境技术、海洋技术领域计划项目的过程管理和基础性工作;承担国家科技攻关计划中资源、环境、公共安全及其他社会事业等领域和城市发展相关项目的过程管理和基础性工作;承担国家科技基础条件平台建设计划中科学数据共享平台、社会发展领域国家工程中心等的有关工作,推动可持续发展信息共享工作;承担气候变化等全球环境科技工作的组织实施,承担清洁发展机制(CDM)等方面工作和项目的组织实施工作;承担区域科技发展的有关工作,以及可持续发展实验区管理工作,推动地方21世纪议程和地方可持续发展的实施工作;开展清洁技术生产、生态工业、循环经济以及可持续发展领域的信息、技术与管理咨询服务,推动社会发展领域科技成果示范与推广,推动可持续发展能力建设工作;承担可持续发展等领域的国际科技合作与交流工作;研究可持续发展相关领域的发展状况、趋势和重大问题,为科技部宏观决策提出建议与对策;承担有关司局委托的工作;承担部领导交办的其他工作。

中心成立以来,以推进《中国21世纪议程》实施,促进国家可持续发展为宗旨,依靠一支年轻化、专业化、国际化的精干团队,促进了《中国21世纪议程》及其优先项目的实施;通过开展国家科技计划中资源、环境、海洋、医药等领域的项目管理及成果推广和产业化示范工作,依靠科技进步促进了可持续发展;开展了一系列可持续发展领域的战略与政策研究,为政府宏观决策提供了有力支撑;通过开展可持续发展实验区的建设和管理,促进了地方的可持续发展;开展了中国可持续发展信息网络建设,促进了中国可持续发展领域的信息交流与共享;通过广泛开展可持续发展领域的国际合作,促进了中国与世界其他国家和地区在可持续发展领域的交流与合作;此外,通过开展可持续发展的宣传、教育、培训、技术咨询与服务等项工作,促进了公众可持续发展意识的提高。总之,通过十多年工作的开展,在促进国家可持续发展战略中,与政府部门、研究机构、社会团体和企业界建立了良好合作关系;与国际社会卓有成效的合作,赢得了良好的国际声誉,为促进中国社会实现可持续发展做出了贡献。

中国21世纪议程管理中心将以“三个代表”重要思想为指导,全面落实科学发展观,以改革创新为动力,继往开来,团结奋进,励精图治,为构建和谐社会,实现可持续发展做出贡献。

拥有一支年轻、精干、敬业、向上的专业队伍,囊括了资源、环境、经济等专业领域。知识水平与业务能力俱佳。学历层次较高,其中硕士、博士、博士后各在相关领域内做出了突出贡献。中心下设八个处。

综合与监督处

处长:柯兵

* 贯彻落实有关事业单位改革与发展的方针、政策,研究分析中心整体运行状况,完善中心各项规章制度,为中心领导班子决策提出建议。

* 协助中心领导协调中心行政的事务、承办政务综合、文件审核与管理、印章管理、工作督办、会议、后勤保障、机要文件管理、信息安全和保密等工作,承担中心内部行政监察工作。

* 承担中心工作人员的聘用、培训、考核、监督、奖惩、工资福利和相关人事档案管理,以及中心机构、职责与编制管理等工作。

* 承担中心财务、资产和经费管理等工作,承担中心相关经费预、决算的财务审核、监督等工作。

* 承担中心对外联络与协调,以及外事管理工作。

* 承担对有关科技计划项目和专项科技工作的过程管理和基础性工作的监督工作。

* 承办中心简报编制和政务信息报送工作。

* 协助中心领导,承担分管社团的业务活动、财务资产、年度检查、对外交往、学术交流、办报办刊等的指导、监督工作。

* 承担中心党支部和工会的日常工作,承担中心安全保卫、离退休人员等具体工作。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

战略与政策研究处

处长:周海林

* 承担关于可持续发展的重大战略问题,以及可持续发展的国际动态、重大国际热点等研究工作。

* 承担循环经济、建设资源节约型和环境友好型社会等重大问题的研究工作。

* 承担公共安全、城市发展、社会公益及地方和区域可持续发展等领域的政策研究工作。

* 承担可持续发展能力建设以及宣传培训工作,推动可持续发展战略以及国家可持续发展相关政策的实施。

* 开展面向发展中国家制定21世纪议程等可持续发展规划的培训和咨询服务。

* 承担与联合国可持续发展委员会(CSD)等有关国际组织的交流与合作工作。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作

社会事业与区域发展处

处长:潘晓东

* 承担攻关计划公共安全、城市发展等领域项目的受理、筛选、中期检查和项目验收工作,提出项目立项建议、项目调整建议和项目验收意见建议;参与跨部门、综合性项目的组织实施管理工作;承担攻关计划公共安全、城市发展等领域的数据管理、文档管理等基础工作。

* 承担西部开发、振兴东北老工业基地、奥运科技等科技行动专项和社会公益研究专项的过程管理工作,承担数据汇总、信息、档案资料管理等基础性工作。

* 承担国家可持续发展实验区办公室的日常工作,承担实验区的受理、评审、中期检查、验收评审以及示范推广等具体工作。

* 承担公共安全、城市发展、社会公益及地方和区域可持续发展等领域的成果推广、宣传与培训工作。

* 承担地方、区域可持续发展以及社会事业方面的国际合作与交流工作。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

信息处

副处长:邵宇宾

* 承担可持续发展信息共享及相关科技计划项目的过程管理和基础性工作。

* 承担中国可持续发展信息共享系统的建设和运行管理工作,开展基于信息共享的决策支持和服务工作。

* 承担科学数据共享工程办公室的日常工作、科学数据共享工程门户网站的建设工作,以及科学数据共享工程平台建设的相关工作。

* 负责中心网站、网络及其他指定网站和应用系统的建设与信息采编等日常管理工作。

* 承担科技部、国家发改委“灾害综合研究组办公室”的日常工作。

* 开展可持续发展信息共享的国际合作与交流;

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

资源环境处

处长:王磊

* 组织编制863计划资源环境技术领域专题指南,承担专题课题的申请受理、形式审查、评审评标、检查验收、课题经费预算的审核和评审,以及任务合同书的审核等工作。

* 承担863计划资源环境技术领域部分重大、重点项目的组织实施工作,承担项目课题的申请受理、形式审查、评审评标、经费预算评审、任务合同书审核、检查验收等工作,提出项目的课题立项建议、课题调整建议和课题验收意见。

* 承担863计划资源环境技术领域有关数据统计分析、年度报告编制、资料档案管理和出版物等基础性工作。

* 承担863计划资源环境技术领域专家组的支撑和服务工作。

* 承担攻关计划资源环境领域项目的受理、筛选、中期检查和项目验收工作,提出项目立项建议、项目调整建议和项目验收意见建议;参与跨部门、综合性项目的组织实施管理工作;承担攻关计划资源环境领域的数据管理、文档管理、宣传等基础工作。

* 研究资源环境领域科技发展状况、趋势和重大问题,提出相关建议。

* 开展资源环境领域的国际科技合作与交流。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

海洋处

副处长:孙清

* 组织编制863计划海洋技术领域专题指南,承担专题课题的申请受理、形式审查、评审评标、检查验收、课题经费预算的审核和评审,以及任务合同书的审核等工作。

* 承担863计划海洋技术领域部分重大、重点项目的组织实施工作,承担项目课题的申请受理、形式审查、评审评标、经费预算评审、任务合同书审核、检查验收等工作,提出项目的课题立项建议、课题调整建议和课题验收意见。

* 承担863计划海洋技术领域有关数据统计分析、年度报告编制、资料档案管理和出版物等基础性工作。

* 承担863计划海洋技术领域专家组的支撑和服务工作。

* 承担攻关计划海洋领域项目的受理、筛选、中期检查和项目验收工作,提出项目立项建议、项目调整建议和项目验收意见建议;参与跨部门、综合性项目的组织实施管理工作;承担攻关计划海洋领域的数据管理、文档管理、宣传等基础工作。

* 研究海洋领域科技发展状况、趋势和重大问题,提出相关建议。

* 开展海洋领域的国际科技合作与交流。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

全球环境处

处长:

* 承担科技部全球环境办公室的日常工作,为全球环境科技协调领导小组、顾问委员会和专家组提供支撑服务。

* 承担科技计划中有关全球环境领域项目的过程管理和基础性工作。

* 参与气候变化等全球环境公约的谈判与国内履约工作。

* 承担与全球环境相关的科技宣传、培训等能力建设工作。

* 承担与全球环境相关的重大问题研究,提出相关对策建议。

* 开展全球环境领域的国际科技合作与交流。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

清洁技术发展处

处长: 彭斯震

* 组织开展清洁发展机制(CDM)国际合作项目的开发、实施管理与技术服务。

* 承担清洁发展机制(CDM)科技计划项目的过程管理工作。

* 开展清洁技术、资源节约与循环利用技术以及环境无害化技术的项目开发、科技示范与推广。

* 承担与清洁生产、生态工作、循环经济以及可持续商业发展相关的培训与能力建设、国际科技合作以及面向社会与企业的信息、技术与管理咨询服务工作。

* 承担中美可持续发展中心中方秘书处工作。

* 承办中心领导交办的其他工作。

ACCA21: An Introduction

The Administrative Center for China's Agenda 21 (ACCA21) was established in 1994 with the approval of the Central Government. ACCA21 is affiliated with the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and,with regard to some functions,also operates under the leadership of the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC). In 1998,ACCA21 was merged with the China Innovation Center for Life Science and additionally took over some functions from MOST.

Mission: Promoting the implementation of China's Agenda 21 and sustainable development in China.

Objectives:

⒈ Manage the day-to-day affairs and facilitate the implementation of China's Agenda 21 and its Priority Programme

⒉ Conduct policy and strategy research in the area of sustainable development providing policy support to government decision-making

⒊ Foster international cooperation and exchange in the area of sustainable development

⒋ Promote the development of experimental communities for sustainable development,and build local capacity

⒌ Build a national information sharing network for sustainable development promoting information exchange and sharing

⒍ Coordinate and implement research projects and pilot commercialization of research findings for key national research programmes concerning natural resources,the environment and pharmaceutics

⒎ Enhance public awareness of sustainable development through publicity,education,and training programs

Strengths:

⒈ A young,professional and internationally oriented team

⒉ Sound collaborative relations with government offices,research institutes,social organizations and businesses

⒊ Effective cooperation with the international community

⒋ Well-informed of the latest developments in the theory and practice of sustainable development,both at home and abroad

Organizational structure:

Affiliated agencies:

Office for State Experimental Communities for Sustainable Development

Disaster Relief Office of the Ministry of Science and Technology,the State Development Planning Commission,and the State Economic and Trade Commission

China Society for Sustainable Development

China's Population,Resources and Environment magazine

Office of the EU-China Environmental Management Cooperation Programme

Secretariat of the China-US Center for Sustainable Development

I. Formulation of China's Agenda 21

On 25 March 1994,the State Council of China approved China's Agenda 21: White Paper on China's Population,Environment and Development in the 21st Century. On that same day,ACCA21 was established. China's Agenda 21 was the first national blueprint for sustainable development formulated after the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. It was conceived as a guiding document for medium- and long-term socio-economic development planning for all levels of government. More than 50 government departments and 300 national and international experts were involved in the White Paper's drafting process,which was coordinated by staff of ACCA21.

Captions:

⒈ The White Paper

⒉ A preparatory workshop on China's Agenda 21

⒊ High-level roundtable conference on China's Agenda 21 in 1994

⒋ President Jiang Zemin meets with delegates to the roundtable

Ⅱ. Implementation of the Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21

ACCA21 was authorized by the Central Government to conduct feasibility studies,select projects,and formulate the Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21. The Priority Programme,an international cooperation programme to advance China's Agenda 21,was launched in 1994 comprising 128 projects in nine priority areas.

The Priority Programme won strong support from the international community. More than 30 foreign governments,international organizations,international financial institutions,non-governmental organizations and multinational agencies have participated in the programme with more than US$500 million international investment.

Captions:

⒈ The Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21(First version)

⒉ The Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21(Revised and expanded version)

Ⅲ. Promotion of Sustainable Development on a Local Level

One special feature for China to implement the strategy of sustainable development is to conduct pilot and demonstration programmes on a local level. ACCA21 has played a pivotal role in this process in two ways.

First,building local capacity by piloting local Agenda 21 programmes on provincial and prefectural levels. For this purpose,in 1997,SDPC and MOST selected 16 provinces and municipalities (including Beijing and Hubei). ACCA21 helped those pilot areas to formulate their agendas and initiate sustainable development adapted to local conditions. By the end of 2001,25 provinces,municipalities and autonomous regions as well as many localities had set up special offices for implementing their individual Local Agenda 21 programmes.

Second,supporting the management of "state experimental communities for sustainable development" in typical districts of metropolises or counties. By the end of 2001,40 state-level communities and more than 60 provincial-level communities were established.

ACCA21 also manages the day-to-day affairs of the MOST programme "Invigorating Cities (Counties) Through Science and Technology".

UNDP has provided great support to China's local capacity building. After completing a fact-finding mission to China on local sustainability,a United Nations evaluation team for global sustainable development concluded that China has led the world consistently in sustainable development.

Captions:

⒈ Distribution of the experimental communities across the country (red: state experimental communities; green: provincial experimental communities).

⒉ Before and after situations of the air in the pilot city of Benxi

⒊ Biogas demonstration project in the experimental communitay of Zhengding

⒋ A national workshop on the performance of the experimental communities

⒌ Newsletters on local Sustainable Development

Ⅳ. Policy and Strategy Studies

One of the core functions of ACCA21 has been to conduct policy and strategy studies to advise government decision-making and guide local practices of sustainable development.

In this regard,ACCA21 has participated in the drafting of important national documents such as:

China's Agenda 21: Outline for Sustainable Development

Science and Technology Outline for Sustainable Development

Special Report on Population,Resources,Environment and Sustainable Development in conjunction with the drafting of the 10th Five-Year Plan

Research Report on the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy in the 10th Five-Year Plan

In addition,ACCA21 has also done policy research for MOST and SDPC,drafted documents for a series of important meetings,and participated in the drafting of other governmental plans and programmes.

Areas of research:

Strategies and practices of local sustainability

Scenarios of sustainable development in China

Comparison of domestic international practices in sustainable development

Globalization and sustainable development

Global climate change

Indicators of sustainable development

Science and technology development strategies concerning resources,the environment and medicine

ACCA21 works closely with domestic and international agencies; many of its research findings have been highly acclaimed both at home and abroad.

Captions:

⒈ Publications on sustainable development by ACCA21.

⒉ International seminar on sustainable development indicators held in Harbin.

V. Management of National Science and Technology Programmes

MOST promotes technological advancement and innovation in the area of sustainable development through two major programmes: the National Key R&D Programme and the High-Tech R&D Programme (863 Programme). At the behest of MOST,ACCA21 undertakes process management and public services for research projects under these two schemes ranging from population,medicine,natural resources to environmental sciences. ACCA21 also manages public bidding and tendering for major research projects.

Captions:

1-4. Resource and environment subjects under the 863 Programme

⒌ Evaluation of strategic objectives for environmental and resource areas under the 863 Programme

⒍ A bid-opening ceremony for an air pollution project for Beijing

⒍ Evaluation meeting of a research project in ecologically fragile parts of western China

⒎ Evaluation of a project to modernize and commercialize traditional Chinese medicine

⒏ A national safety evaluation and research center for new medicine in Shanghai

Ⅵ. Information Sharing for Sustainable Development

Since 1996,ACCA21 has built up a network center and information network for sustainable development in China to improve information sharing and integration and to meet the needs of the government,research institutes and the general public for information on sustainable development. This network is a databank group management system that for the first time in China made it possible to share information on sustainable development. It is revolutionary in easing the bottlenecks that impede information sharing by formulating a sharing policy and introducing mechanisms,standards and technologies.

A specially established network center links all the Agenda 21 Administrative Offices at central and local levels,local pilots and state experimental communities across the country,publicizing best practices and sharing information on new technologies and products. The network center integrates all the information in the area of sustainable development and makes it publicly available via the Internet hosting nearly 100 databases on China's population,natural resources,environment,society,economy,and disasters,all of them being freely accessible to the public. It also seeks to build an accurate,real-time and dynamic assessment and analytic tool,develop information products tailored to the needs of different industries and users,and build a number of decision-making support mechanisms for the government.

Captions:

⒈ The homepage of the center.

⒉ The information network for sustainable development

⒊ The sustainable development database

Ⅶ. International Cooperation

Since its founding,ACCA21 has conducted effective exchange and cooperation with multilateral organizations such as the United Nations,APEC,the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank; dozens of developed and developing countries including the United States,Sweden,Germany,Canada,the Netherlands and Viet Nam; and foreign companies,research institutes,and universities. Such cooperative programmes have promoted international investment and technical assistance to China in the area of sustainable development,enhanced international understanding of and support for China,and built up capacities for sustainable development at departmental and local levels. Major partners and projects:

UNDP

Assisted China between 1992-1998 in formulating and implementing China's Agenda 21,UNDP launched three phases of technical assistance projects to China through its "Capacity building 21 Programme". The aim of the projects was to incorporate China's Agenda 21 into economic and social development planning at the national and local levels.

Asian Development Bank

To promote the transfer and application of environmentally sound technologies in China,the Asian Development Bank collaborated with MOST in helping ACCA21 build the Center for Environmentally Sound Technology Transfer and two sub-centers through two phases of technical aid projects implemented during 1997-2001,

European Union

The Environmental Management Cooperation Programme (EMCP) is a major aid programme the European Commission has started in China. Launched in 2001,the programme will be completed in four years. The EU provides 13 million Euros to EMCP,which consists of four parts: institutional development,local and urban development,industrial development,information management and promotion of applications. The aim of the project is to boost China's institutional capacity building for environmental management,improve the level of management of personnel,and enhance exchange and cooperation between the two sides in environmental management,environmentally friendly technology transfer,capacity building,and information network building and sharing.

Sweden

Co-sponsored by MOST and the International Development Agency of the Swedish government and jointly implemented by ACCA21 and the LIFE Partners of Sweden,four cities were selected as pilots: the Western District of Beijing,Nanyang City of Henan Province,Panzhihua City of Sichuan Province,Shenhe District of Shenyang City. LIFE Partners sent experts to those locations providing consulting services and conducting training programmes. The consulting services were customized to meet specific needs of different localities such as cleaner production,public participation,energy efficiency,solar energy,forestry management,and flood control.

The United States

In July 1998,during a visit to China by President Bill Clinton,China and the United States signed a work statement between China's MOST and the US Department of Energy. Both sides agreed to build a medium-sized energy-saving office building in Beijing that will house ACCA21. The building will adopt advanced energy-saving concepts and cost-effective technologies,materials and equipment. Compared with existing Chinese buildings,the new building will save energy by more than 35%.

Developing Countries

China's practices in implementing Agenda 21 and promoting local sustainability provide useful examples to other developing countries. Over the past several years,ACCA21 has received delegations from more than 10 developing countries,such as Malaysia,the Philippines,Thailand,Mongolia,Vietnam,India,Nepal,Sri Lanka,Kazakstan,Kirgizstan,and Zimbabwe. ACCA21 briefed them on China's experience and provided training on policy and management,implementation of Agenda 21,environmentally friendly technology transfer,and application of information networks.

International Cooperation in Medical Science and Technology

ACCA21 has organized two workshops held annually by MOST,one in cooperation with the Italian Foreign Ministry,another one with the Swiss company Novartis both addressing hot issues in medical science and technology. These workshops are repeated on a yearly basis.

Captions:

⒈ Mr. Nitin DESAI,UN Under-Secretary-General,visiting ACCA21 in April 2002

⒉ UN forum in Beijing in 2002 organized by ACCA21

⒊ ADB project conference

⒋ EMCP launching meeting held at ACCA21

⒌ Chinese trainees visiting an organic farm in Sweden

⒍ Chinese-US energy efficiency demonstration building

⒎ A Vietnamese delegation visiting the experimental community in Beijing

⒏ China-Novartis symposium on medical science and technology

Ⅷ. Intermediary and Consultancy Services

Providing value-added and tailor-made services to the general public as well as to enterprises is a core responsibility of ACCA21 that is carried out by both the Center for Environmentally Sound Technology Transfer and the Center for Promotion of Medical Science and Technology. They provide market-oriented consulting services,conduct policy research on technology transfer and promote the commercialization of environmental and medical research findings.

Captions:

⒈ Website of the APEC Virtual Center

⒉ Demo project for technology transfer

⒊ Promoting investment for Taihu Lake's ecology

⒋ Energy-efficient straw bale house

⒌ Eco-tourism workshop

Ⅸ. Training and Awareness Raising for Sustainable Development

Extensive public participation is key to the implementation of China's Agenda 21 and sustainable development. ACCA21 seeks to promote public awareness and encourage public participation through publicity campaigns and training programmes.

Training

Over the past several years,ACCA21 has held dozens of training programmes for thousands of government officials,researchers and managers. Training materials cover China's Agenda 21,incorporating China's Agenda 21 into national economic planning,local capacity building,network building,environmentally friendly technology transfer,western development and sustainability. In addition,ACCA21 has also sent people abroad for training.

Publication

ACCA21 raises awareness of the general public by publishing a magazine,newsletters,books,audio-video materials and other publications on sustainable development.

Captions:

⒈ A high-level training workshop on China's Agenda 21

⒉ Training on environmentally sound technology transfer

⒊ Training material for China's Agenda 21

⒋ China's Population,Resources and Environment magazine

Public Participation

ACCA21 actively promotes public participation and encourages stakeholders to take part in the implementation of China's Agenda 21.


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