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ignorance

IGNORANCE 讲述了这样一个故事:一个男人和一个女人相遇而返回他们的家园,他们已经放弃了二十年前,当他们选择成为流亡者。他们会设法收拾他们奇怪的爱情故事线程,中断几乎是一开始就失去了在历史潮流?事实上,这种久违的记忆不再匹配后的。我们始终相信,我们的记忆和那些我们爱的人是一致的,我们经历过同样的事情。但这只是一种错觉。然后,期待我们的微弱的记忆我们能做什么?它只记录一个微不足道的小颗粒”,“过去,“没有人知道为什么它的这一点,没有任何其他的点。我们的生活陷入巨大的遗忘,我们拒绝承认一个事实。只有那些回归二十年后,奥德修斯回到家乡伊萨卡,可以让人眼花缭乱,惊讶于无知的第一手观察女神。

作者: Milan Kundera(米兰昆德拉)

出版社: Faber and Faber

出版年: 2002-11-04

页数: 154

定价: GBP 10.99

装帧: Paperback [1]

- The book argues that ignorance, not knowledge, is what drives science

- The book provides a fascinating inside-view of the way every-day science is actually done

- The book features intriguing case histories of how individual scientists use ignorance to direct their research

Knowledge is a big subject, says Stuart Firestein, but ignorance is a bigger one. And it is ignorancenot knowledgethat is the true engine of science.

Most of us have a false impression of science as a surefire, deliberate, step-by-step method for finding things out and getting things done. In fact, says Firestein, more often than not, science is like looking for a black cat in a dark room, and there may not be a cat in the room. The process is more hit-or-miss than you might imagine, with much stumbling and groping after phantoms. But it is exactly this "not knowing," this puzzling over thorny questions or inexplicable data, that gets researchers into the lab early and keeps them there late, the thing that propels them, the very driving force of science. Firestein shows how scientists use ignorance to program their work, to identify what should be done, what the next steps are, and where they should concentrate their energies. And he includes a catalog of how scientists use ignorance, consciously or unconsciouslya remarkable range of approaches that includes looking for connections to other research, revisiting apparently settled questions, using small questions to get at big ones, and tackling a problem simply out of curiosity. The book concludes with four case historiesin cognitive psychology, theoretical physics, astronomy, and neurosciencethat provide a feel for the nuts and bolts of ignorance, the day-to-day battle that goes on in scientific laboratories and in scientific minds with questions that range from the quotidian to the profound.

Turning the conventional idea about science on its head, Ignorance opens a new window on the true nature of research. It is a must-read for anyone curious about science. [1]


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